Different Types of Photography by Techniques

There are many different types of photography depending on the themes they deal with or the techniques they use. Here are some of them:

  • Landscape photography presents nature with its landforms, weather, and ambient lights as well as urban areas but very often without human activity
  • Portrait photography has a subject of one or more persons and their expressions, personalities, and moods. It is one of the earliest types of photography.
  • Banquet photography is a method of photography that captures all persons in one room so every face is in focus. It is a type of photography captured as a commemorative photo in a hotel or club banquet room.
  • Tilt–shift photography is a type of landscape photography. It uses a lens that can rotate relative to the image plane (tilt) and move parallel to the image plane (shift). This makes an image with a selective focus and simulates a miniature scene.
  • Pellier Noir is a style of photography used at social events. It is used for portraits (solo and group), and its characteristics are low-key light and white or black background.
  • Satellite imagery is photography taken from an artificial satellite. It is used in meteorology, geology, education, warfare, fishing, agriculture, and other purposes.
  • Macro photography is photography of small objects. It uses macro lenses capable of reproducing ratios greater than 1:1 and makes negatives or images where a subject is smaller or greater.
  • Forensic photography (or crime scene photography) is photography used in court or as an aid in an investigation. Its goal is an accurate reproduction of a crime or accident scene.
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  • Architectural photography has as subject buildings and similar structures. Its goal is to present them accurately but also aesthetically pleasing.
  • Fashion photography represents clothing and other fashion items in photographs. These photographs are used in advertisements and fashion magazines.
  • Aerial photography is photographing the ground from an elevated position. They can be taken from mountains, airplanes, balloons, and other high places.
  • Still life photography presents inanimate objects composed, lighted, and captured so that a resulting image is esthetically pleasing.
  • Food photography is a variant of still life photography whose subject is food. Its results are used in advertisements, packaging, menus, and cookbooks. Effects used in this type of photography are often selective focus, tilted plates, and extreme close-ups.
  • Vernacular photography has everyday life and common things as subjects. Anonymous photographers often do it, which became popular as photographic cameras became more available.
  • Documentary photography is photography used to chronicle significant and historical events. It can be professional and made by amateurs. It is often made to represent the subject as realistically as possible.
  • Long-exposure photography is done with cameras that leave the shutter open longer. Images produced have sharp objects left stationary during that time but blurred objects that moved.
  • High-speed photography is photography done with very fast cameras and of very fast phenomena. Images made with this photograph appear frozen in motion and with no motion blur. They are used for scientific as well as artistic purposes.
  • Lo-fi photography (“lo-fi” coming from “low-fidelity”) is photography that gives the impression of low quality but has its aesthetic. It is often done with toy or pinhole cameras.
  • Panoramic photography (or wide format photography) produces images with elongated fields of view. They can be made with special equipment or software. They usually show a field of view from 160° to 360°.
  • Straight photography is a style of photography that represents its subjects as they are, realistically and without modifications.
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